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    The Beaches is located at the top of Bloody Reach, a 40 minute ride on the tour boat from Burnside, and is not accessible by land. It has both historical and archaeological importance because it is one of the largest Beothuk settlements found in the province. It once contained nineteen "house pits", many of which are still visible. One of the few known Beothuk burial sites is located nearby. The site is also unique in that its Beothuk residents were much less influenced by European presence than were other Beothuk, and therefore retains the characteristics of a more traditional lifestyle.

    Erosion has destroyed about 90% (30,000 sq. metres) of the Beaches since 1872. The BHF built a 90 m long retaining wall at the site in 1995 & 1998 to delay the destruction of this beautiful and culturally unique location.

The Beaches


Bloody Bay Cove Quarry

BHF Newsletters

Annual reports of

Provincial Archaeology

Office of NL

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Other research

    Some of the most significant sites in the area occur in "The Quarry", which is located in Bloody Bay Cove on the northern end of a peninsula extending out into Bloody Reach, a 20 minute tour-boat ride from the community of Burnside. The quarry is too large to be contained within one site and the BHF has identified 10 new sites within it so far.
    It is the largest Aboriginal quarry found to date on the island portion of the Province and provides some of the best evidence yet found of the stone-age technology used in Newfoundland prior to European settlement. Arrowheads and other stone tools made from Bloody Bay Cove volcanic rhyolite, artifacts dating back 5,000 years have been found at this site, as well in the quarry and throughout Bonavista Bay and Trinity Bay.

    The village of Salvage is famous for being one of northeastern Newfoundland's oldest fishing villages, but its human occupations began thousands of years before Europeans landed there.  Two aboriginal sites are located in Sailor's Harbour, on the community's western entrance.  Maritime Archaic Indians camped or performed other activities on the west-facing bank sometime before 3000 years ago.  Paleoskimos, the Groswater and/or Dorset groups, visited here after the Maritime Archaic and Beothuk people landed here after the Paleoeskimos.  Unfortunately, most of the Sailor site was destroyed when road-builders excavated a gravel quarry early in the 1950s and we will never know much about most of its aboriginal occupants.  A small part of the Paleoeskimo component is all that remains of the Sailor site. (See more below)

View of the Beaches as tide comes in

Laurie examines a rhyolite core at the Quarry.

MUN field school at the Sailor South site